10 Most Poisonous Plants In India
The poisonous plants are very harmful to children, pets. so they need to be kept away from touching these plants. Most poisonous plants in india are beautiful and attractive. You will not believe they are poisonous because of their elegant looks but they are. As we know these are poisonous plants but can bring greenery to our surroundings and it will purify the air.
The poisonous plants and poisonous flowers are very hardy, don’t need much care and maintenance. So, people who are busy with their jobs, work can grow these plants in their garden, backyard, outside the home(near to the main gate). As I said earlier it needs to be kept away from pets and children.
Name And Pictures Of Poisonous Plants
Castor Bean Plant
A castor plant is a perennial flowering plant in the spurge family. Castor seeds are extracted to make castor oil. Which is good for hair growth. It is mainly grown for landscaping or industrial uses. It reaches up to 10-12 meters in height. The spiny seeds pod is composed of three carpels with seed init. It blooms flowers the entire year in a thick dense cluster.
This plant is a highly toxic ornamental shrub widely cultivated in subtropical areas. Nerium is naturally grown as shrubs but can be trained into a small tree. It grows to 3-6 m tall. The most important thing is never propagated oleander in a home landscape where children’s or pets play.
Because all the parts of the plant are toxic and harmful. It blooms a large cluster of flowers in pink, red, white, and yellow. These are low maintenance plant due to this oleander planted in a highway beautification project by the government.
The Calotropis is beautiful poisonous plants and evergreen flowering plant. It can be trained into shrubs or small trees. It grows up to 6- 8 feet tall. Calotropis grows well in a warm climate and it is a drought-resistant plant. The flowers bloom at the top of the apical stem. Consists of a five-pointed petals with a small crown in the middle of the flower.
It is a medical plant but if consumed in an improper way or heavy dosage can be fatal or toxic to humans. Due to this calotropis is kept in the poisonous plants list by researchers.
The Plumeria is a poisonous plants in india. It is an extraordinary fragrant flower plant that grows really quickly. Plumeria flowers are available in bicolours and tricolors with striped petals. The flowers are used to make scents and perfumes. It can grow around 8- 10 meters in height, grow well in bright sunlight. It requires a minimum of 6-7 hours of direct sunlight.
Plumeria can be propagated by cutting, It is the excellent flowering plant for your garden. For great blooms add fertilizer once per month. Never allow children to chew flowers or leaves as they are toxic
Datura is a poisonous flowers in India that Belong to the Solanaceae family. Al the species of datura plants are poisonous, Especially their flowers and seeds. It can cause many health problems for people like fever, arrhythmias, delirium, respiratory, etc. Datura grows quickly and rises up to 4 feet tall.
The flowers are the standout at several inches. Most flowers are white in color but they are also available in yellow, purple, light red. It is a self-seeding plant because of this it grows more year by year.
Parthenium knows as congress grass and extremely hardy plant that produces 10k to 25k Seeds. These seeds help them to grow and spread all the empty areas. It is mostly seen in forest, uncultivated lands. Parthenium cause skin problems and allergies when someone comes into contact with this plant. During the flowering season it produces more than 600 million pollens per plant
Crab’s Eye Plant
Crabs eye plant is also known as love bean, prayer bean, rosary pea, etc. The seeds are highly toxic, If one seed is chewed can be fatal for both adults and children’s. This plant is deciduous and branching which grows to 10m tall. The fruits are elliptic pods consist of 4 to 8 seeds which are red-colored about 6-8 mm long. It is one of the hardy poisonous plants in india.
Dieffenbachia is mainly grown to decorate homes or offices. Because its leaves are very attractive and eyecatching. The leaves are poisonous due to they contain many microscopic needle-shaped calcium oxalate crystals. If the leaves are chewed it causes a painful and swollen mouth. So it needs to be kept away from childrens and pets.
It needs indirect sunlight to grow fas. The direct sunlight can damage leaves. dieffenbachia can be propagated by the cutting method.
cascabela is commonly known as yellow oleander, lucky nut, and widely cultivated as an ornamental plant. All the parts of cascabela is toxic. It can be fatal to both humans and animals if consumed. It grows as a shrub or small tree and rises up to 10 – 20 feet tall. Mostly cascabela blooms yellow flower but there are varieties with orange and white flower. The flowers bloom in the summer season and grew well in a warm climate.
It is popularly known as the suicide tree or othalanga. The Seed/fruits of this tree are a common cause for suicide. Cerbera is widely cultivated in south western coast part of India. The fruit of Cerbera looks like little mango but they are very toxic. The list of poisonous plants in India is incomplete without Cerbera Odollam.
Many people consumed it fruit for suicide. Common symptoms after consuming its fruit are Vomiting, headache, irregular heartbeat, burning sensation in the mouth. So never plant this tree in your garden.
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